## Tag Archives: Pre RMO Maths

### Proof of SAS Congruency Test of two triangles Theorem: If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the other, each to each, and the angles included by those sides equal, then the triangles are equal in all respects.

Construction: Let ABC, DEF be two triangles in which $AB=DE$ and $AC=DF$ and the included angle $\angle BAC$ is equal to included angle $\angle EDF$.

It is required to prove that the $\Delta ABC = \Delta DEF$ in all respects.

Proof: Apply the $\Delta ABC$ to the $\Delta DEF$ so that the point A falls on the point D; and the side AB along the side DE. Then, because $AB=DE$ so the point B must coincide with the point E. And, because AB falls along DE, and the $\angle BAC=\angle EDF$, so AC must fall along DF. And, because $AC=DF$, the point C must coincide with the point F. Then, since B coincides with E, and C with F, hence, the side BC must coincide with the side EF. Hence, the $\Delta ABC$ coincides with the $\Delta DEF$, and is therefore equal to it in all respects. QED.