Theory of Quadratic Equations: Part III: Tutorial practice problems: IITJEE Mains and preRMO

Problem 1:

Find the condition that a quadratic function of x and y may be resolved into two linear factors. For instance, a general form of such a function would be : $ax^{2}+2hxy+by^{2}+2gx+2fy+c$.

Problem 2:

Find the condition that the equations $ax^{2}+bx+c=0$ and $a^{'}x^{2}+b^{'}x+c^{'}=0$ may have a common root.

Using the above result, find the condition that the two quadratic functions $ax^{2}+bxy+cy^{2}$ and $a^{'}x^{2}+b^{'}xy+c^{'}y^{2}$ may have a common linear factor.

Problem 3:

For what values of m will the expression $y^{2}+2xy+2x+my-3$ be capable of resolution into two rational factors?

Problem 4:

Find the values of m which will make $2x^{2}+mxy+3y^{2}-5y-2$ equivalent to the product of two linear factors.

Problem 5:

Show that the expression $A(x^{2}-y^{2})-xy(B-C)$ always admits of two real linear factors.

Problem 6:

If the equations $x^{2}+px+q=0$ and $x^{2}+p^{'}x+q^{'}=0$ have a common root, show that it must be equal to $\frac{pq^{'}-p^{'}q}{q-q^{'}}$ or $\frac{q-q^{'}}{p^{'}-p}$.

Problem 7:

Find the condition that the expression $lx^{2}+mxy+ny^{2}$ and $l^{'}x^{2}+m^{'}xy+n^{'}y^{2}$ may have a common linear factor.

Problem 8:

If the expression $3x^{2}+2Pxy+2y^{2}+2ax-4y+1$ can be resolved into linear factors, prove that P must be be one of the roots of the equation $P^{2}+4aP+2a^{2}+6=0$.

Problem 9:

Find the condition that the expressions $ax^{2}+2hxy+by^{2}$ and $a^{'}x^{2}+2h^{'}xy+b^{'}y^{2}$ may be respectively divisible by factors of the form $y-mx$ and $my+x$.

Problem 10:

Prove that the equation $x^{2}-3xy+2y^{2}-2x-3y-35=0$ for every real value of x, there is a real value of y, and for every real value of y, there is a real value of x.

Problem 11:

If x and y are two real quantities connected by the equation $9x^{2}+2xy+y^{2}-92x-20y+244=0$, then will x lie between 3 and 6, and y between 1 and 10.

Problem 11:

If $(ax^{2}+bx+c)y+a^{'}x^{2}+b^{'}x+c^{'}=0$, find the condition that x may be a rational function of y.

More later,

Regards,

Nalin Pithwa.

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